WHERE without WHERE

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Database Administrators

Q&A for database professionals who wish to improve their database skills and learn from others in the community

DECLARE @Example AS table
(
    UserName varchar(30) NULL,
    Town varchar(30) NULL
);

INSERT @Example
    (UserName, Town)
VALUES
    ('Aaron', 'Not Townsville'),
    ('Bob', 'Not Townsville'),
    ('Charles', 'Townsville'),
    ('Charles', 'Townsville'),
    ('Charles', 'Townsville'),
    ('Charles', 'Townsville'),
    ('Dan', 'Townsville'),
    ('Eric', 'Not Townsville');

SELECT E.UserName, E.Town
FROM @Example AS E
GROUP BY E.Town, E.UserName
HAVING E.Town = 'Townsville'

-- OR

SELECT E.UserName, 'Townsville' AS Town
FROM @Example AS E
GROUP BY E.UserName
HAVING 1 = MAX(CASE WHEN E.Town = 'Townsville' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END);

-- OR

SELECT E.UserName, E.Town
FROM @Example AS E
INTERSECT
SELECT E.UserName, 'Townsville' AS Town
FROM @Example AS E

-- OR

SELECT E.UserName, E.Town
FROM @Example AS E
CROSS APPLY (VALUES(NEWID())) AS CA (n)
GROUP BY E.Town, E.UserName, CA.n
HAVING E.Town = 'Townsville'

SELECT
    R.UserName,
    R.Town
FROM 
(
    SELECT 
        E.UserName, 
        E.Town, 
        rn =
            ROW_NUMBER() OVER (
                PARTITION BY E.UserName, E.Town 
                ORDER BY E.UserName, E.Town)
    FROM @Example AS E
    INTERSECT
    SELECT 
        E.UserName, 
        'Townsville', 
        rn = 
        ROW_NUMBER() OVER (
            PARTITION BY E.UserName 
            ORDER BY E.UserName)
    FROM @Example AS E
) AS R;

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